By Henry Samuel , Paris. For Guy Cogeval, the Orsay's president, the subject might put Paris' "petit bourgeois" noses out of joint, but an exhibition dedicated to exposing the male nude is long overdue. The main aim was "to amuse them and to surprise the public ", and not to push an agenda, Mr Cogeval said. Dame Laura Knight and the nude controversy. The show was inspired by Vienna's Leopold Museum, which held a male nudes exhibition in autumn that went viral in January after the organisers pulled the marketing posters from the Austrian capital following complaints.
The development and eventual dominance of Christianity in late antiquity profoundly changed the needs of patrons and the output of artists. Unlike paganism, Christianity required no images of naked divinities, and new attitudes cast doubt and opprobrium on nude athletics , public bathing, and the very value of the human body. The early Christian emphasis on chastity and celibacy further discounted depictions of nakedness. In this climate, there was little motive to study the nude, and unclothed figures are thus rare in medieval art.
Henri Lehmann French. In a letter to his mistress, Lehmann described the woman depicted here as one of the "four most beautiful girls that you could have as a model in Rome. Acquired by the Belgian royal family, the Salon painting was destroyed in a fire in the s. Public Domain.
Toplessness refers to the state in which a woman's breasts , including her areola and nipples , are exposed, especially in a public place or in a visual medium. The male equivalent is barechestedness , also commonly called shirtlessness. Exposed breasts were and are normal in many indigenous societies.